References For Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations In Children

  1. Friedlander RM. Clinical practice. Arteriovenous malformations of the brain. N Engl J Med 356:2704-12, 2007
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  4. Altschuler E, Lunsford LD, Kondziolka D, et al. Radiobiologic models for radiosurgery. Neurosurg Clin N Am 3:61-77, 1992
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  6. Jessurun GA, Kamphuis DJ, van der Zande FH, Nossent JC. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations in The Netherlands Antilles. High prevalence of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia-related single and multiple cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 95:193-8, 1993
  7. Celli P, Ferrante L, Palma L, Cavedon G. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations in children. Clinical features and outcome of treatment in children and in adults. Surg Neurol 22:43-9, 1984
  8. Kahl W, Kessel G, Schwarz M, Voth D. Arterio-venous malformations in childhood: clinical presentation, results after operative treatment and long-term follow-up. Neurosurg Rev 12:165-71, 1989
  9. Kader A, Goodrich JT, Sonstein WJ, Stein BM, Carmel PW, Michelsen WJ. Recurrent cerebral arteriovenous malformations after negative postoperative angiograms. J Neurosurg 85:14-8, 1996
  10. D’Aliberti G, Talamonti G, Versari PP, et al. Comparison of pediatric and adult cerebral arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg Sci 41:331-6, 1997
  11. Di Rocco C, Tamburrini G, Rollo M. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations in children. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 142:145-56; discussion 56-8, 2000
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  13. Boon LM, Mulliken JB, Vikkula M. RASA1: variable phenotype with capillary and arteriovenous malformations. Curr Opin Genet Dev 15:265-9, 2005
  14. Sonstein WJ, Kader A, Michelsen WJ, Llena JF, Hirano A, Casper D. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in pediatric and adult cerebral arteriovenous malformations: an immunocytochemical study. J Neurosurg 85:838-45, 1996
  15. Rothbart D, Awad IA, Lee J, Kim J, Harbaugh R, Criscuolo GR. Expression of angiogenic factors and structural proteins in central nervous system vascular malformations. Neurosurgery 38:915-24; discussion 24-5, 1996
  16. Kilic T, Pamir MN, Kullu S, Eren F, Ozek MM, Black PM. Expression of structural proteins and angiogenic factors in cerebrovascular anomalies. Neurosurgery 46:1179-91; discussion 91-2, 2000
  17. Hashimoto T, Emala CW, Joshi S, et al. Abnormal pattern of Tie-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor expression in human cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 47:910-8; discussion 8-9, 2000
  18. Sure U, Butz N, Schlegel J, et al. Endothelial proliferation, neoangiogenesis, and potential de novo generation of cerebrovascular malformations. J Neurosurg 94:972-7, 2001
  19. Shenkar R, Elliott JP, Diener K, et al. Differential gene expression in human cerebrovascular malformations. Neurosurgery 52:465-77; discussion 77-8, 2003
  20. Gault J, Sarin H, Awadallah NA. Pathobiology of human cerebrovascular malformations: basic mechanisms and clinical relevance. Neurosurgery 55:1-17, 2004
  21. Sure U, Butz N, Siegel AM, Mennel HD, Bien S, Bertalanffy H. Treatment-induced neoangiogenesis in cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 103:29-32, 2001
  22. Jerkic M, Rivas-Elena JV, Prieto M, et al. Endoglin regulates nitric oxide-dependent vasodilatation. Faseb J 18:609-11, 2004
  23. Leblanc R, Levesque M, Comair Y, Ethier R. Magnetic resonance imaging of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 21:15-20, 1987
  24. Smith HJ, Strother CM, Kikuchi Y, et al. MR imaging in the management of supratentorial intracranial AVMs. AJR Am J Roentgenol 150:1143-53, 1988
  25. Chappell PM, Steinberg GK, Marks MP. Clinically documented hemorrhage in cerebral arteriovenous malformations: MR characteristics. Radiology 183:719-24, 1992
  26. Cronqvist M, Ramgren B, Geijer B, Wirestam R, Brandt L, Holtas S. Diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MRI in therapeutic neurointerventional procedures. Neuroradiology 43:662-71, 2001
  27. Pott M, Huber M, Assheuer J, Bewermeyer H. Comparison of MRI, CT and angiography in cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Bildgebung 59:98-102, 1992
  28. Newton TH, Cronqvist S. Involvement of dural arteries in intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Radiology 1969;93:1071-8, 1969
  29. Horton JC, Chambers WA, Lyons SL, Adams RD, Kjellberg RN. Pregnancy and the risk of hemorrhage from cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 1990;27:867-71; discussion 71-2, 1990
  30. Lanzino G, Jensen ME, Cappelletto B, Kassell NF. Arteriovenous malformations that rupture during pregnancy: a management dilemma. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 126:102-6, 1994
  31. Karlsson B, Lindquist C, Johansson A, Steiner L. Annual risk for the first hemorrhage from untreated cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Minim Invasive Neurosurg 40:40-6, 1997
  32. Yih PS, Cheong KF. Anaesthesia for caesarean section in a patient with an intracranial arteriovenous malformation. Anaesth Intensive Care 27:66-8, 1999
  33. Trivedi RA, Kirkpatrick PJ. Arteriovenous malformations of the cerebral circulation that rupture in pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol 23:484-9, 2003
  34. Piotin M, Mounayer C, Spelle L, Moret J. [Cerebral arteriovenous malformations and pregnancy: management of a dilemma.]. J Neuroradiol 31:376-8, 2004
  35. English LA, Mulvey DC. Ruptured arteriovenous malformation and subarachnoid hemorrhage during emergent cesarean delivery: a case report. Aana J 72:423-6, 2004
  36. Shojaku H, Seto H, Kakishita M, Yokoyama M, Ito J. Use of MR angiography in a pregnant patient with thalamic AVM. Radiat Med 14:159-61, 1996
  37. Terao M, Kubota M, Tamakawa S, Kawada K, Ogawa H. [Anesthesia for cesarean section in a patient with intracranial A-V malformation]. Masui 44:1700-2, 1995
  38. Fisher WS, 3rd. Therapy of AVMs: a decision analysis. Clin Neurosurg 42:294-312, 1995
  39. Hoh BL, Chapman PH, Loeffler JS, Carter BS, Ogilvy CS. Results of multimodality treatment for 141 patients with brain arteriovenous malformations and seizures: factors associated with seizure incidence and seizure outcomes. Neurosurgery 51:303-9; discussion 9-11, 2002
  40. Spetzler RF, Martin NA. A proposed grading system for arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg 65:476-83, 1986
  41. Humphreys RP, Hoffman HJ, Drake JM, Rutka JT. Choices in the 1990s for the management of pediatric cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Pediatr Neurosurg 25:277-85, 1996
  42. Morgan MK, Rochford AM, Tsahtsarlis A, Little N, Faulder KC. Surgical risks associated with the management of Grade I and II brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 54:832-7; discussion 7-9, 2004
  43. Kiris T, Sencer A, Sahinbas M, Sencer S, Imer M, Izgi N. Surgical results in pediatric Spetzler-Martin grades I-III intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Childs Nerv Syst 21:69-74; discussion 5-6, 2005
  44. Andrade-Souza YM, Zadeh G, Scora D, Tsao MN, Schwartz ML. Radiosurgery for basal ganglia, internal capsule, and thalamus arteriovenous malformation: clinical outcome. Neurosurgery 56:56-63; discussion -4, 2005
  45. Pollock BE, Gorman DA, Brown PD. Radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations of the basal ganglia, thalamus, and brainstem. J Neurosurg 100:210-4, 2004
  46. Levy EI, Niranjan A, Thompson TP, et al. Radiosurgery for childhood intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 47:834-41; discussion 41-2, 2000
  47. Smyth MD, Sneed PK, Ciricillo SF, et al. Stereotactic radiosurgery for pediatric intracranial arteriovenous malformations: the University of California at San Francisco experience. J Neurosurg 97:48-55, 2002
  48. Ogilvy CS, Stieg PE, Awad I, et al. Recommendations for the management of intracranial arteriovenous malformations: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Stroke Association. Circulation 103:2644-57, 2001
  49. Ter Brugge K, Lasjaunias P, Chiu M, Flodmark O, Chuang S, Burrows P. Pediatric surgical neuroangiography. A multicentre approach. Acta Radiol Suppl 369:692-3, 1986
  50. Lee BB, Do YS, Yakes W, Kim DI, Mattassi R, Hyon WS. Management of arteriovenous malformations: a multidisciplinary approach. J Vasc Surg 39:590-600, 2004
  51. Chang SD, Marcellus ML, Marks MP, Levy RP, Do HM, Steinberg GK. Multimodality treatment of giant intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 53:1-11; discussion -3, 2003
  52. Hoh, B. L. et al. Multimodality treatment of nongalenic arteriovenous malformations in pediatric patients. Neurosurgery 47, 346-357; discussion 357-348, 2000
  53. Burger, I. M., Murphy, K. J., Jordan, L. C., Tamargo, R. J. & Gailloud, P. Safety of cerebral digital subtraction angiography in children: complication rate analysis in 241 consecutive diagnostic angiograms. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation 37, 2535-2539, 2006
  54. Ellis, M. J. et al. Intraoperative angiography during microsurgical removal of arteriovenous malformations in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr 6, 435-443, 2010
  55. Ford FRSA, Schaffer AJ. The etiology of infantile acquired hemiplegia. Arch Neurol Pysch 18: 323-347, 1927
  56. Osler W (1987). The Cerebral Palsies of Children. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications Ltd, 1987 (Original publication 1889)
  57. Sachs B, Peterson F (1890). A study of cerebral palsies of early life, based upon an analysis of one hundred and forty cases. J Nerv Ment Dis 17:295–332, 1890
  58. Freud S, Rie O. Klinische Studie uber die halbseitige Cerebrallahmung der Kinder. Wien: Moriz Perles, 1891
  59. Willis T: Pathologiae Cerebri et Nervosi Generis Specimen. In quo Agitur de Morbis Convulsivis, et de Scorbuto. Oxonii, excudebat Guil Hall, impensis Ja, Allestry 49, 1667
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  61. Donaghy RMP, Yasargil MG (eds) Micro-Vascular Surgery: Report of First Conference, October 6–7, 1966, Mary Fletcher Hospital, Burlington, Vermont. Stuttgart, Georg Thieme, 1967