Follow-up for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations in Children

Frequency of Office Visits

  • Annually after first 3-month visit: Postoperative care frequently consists of an office visit about 1 month postoperatively, then annually thereafter.

Frequency of Imaging

  • Perioperative angiogram: A perioperative angiogram is typically obtained to confirm obliteration of the AVM.
  • MRI and MRA postoperatively for baseline and then annually: MRI/MRA obtained 6 months postoperatively may be helpful as a baseline study to be used for comparison to subsequent annual MRI/MRA.  Imaging is performed annually for 5 years, if feasible.
  • +/- angiogram at 1 year: An angiogram (DSA) is often performed 1 year postoperatively to confirm durable cure.

Other Investigations Required

  • None