Recovery From Surgery for Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytomas in Children
ICU: ICU can be arranged for the immediate postoperative period, but a standard care unit can suffice depending on institutional practice.
ICP parameters: Steroids and osmotic agents can be administered to decrease ICP.
CSF drainage parameters/drainage bag setup: In case of hydrocephalus and blood in the ventricles, external CSF drainage can be helpful.
Radiological studies: A plain CT scan should be done if postoperative hemorrhage is suspected. An MRI can be obtained to look for completeness of resection.
Physical therapy and orthotics: Rehabilitation is needed in cases of severe disabling neurological deficits.
Consultations: Pediatrics and rehabilitation services may be consulted.
Postoperative headaches: Headaches are common and can usually be managed with analgesics on a short-term basis.
Fever or meningism: These can occur and are typically due to blood in ventricles. They are self-limiting and respond to symptomatic treatment in most cases. Short course of steroids can be administered if chemical meningitis is suspected. When they persist, one should suspect meningitis or thrombophlebitis. A systemic infection also should be considered.
Intraventricular blood: Intraventricular blood is best managed with an EVD. Rarely, urokinase instillation in ventricles to lyse the clot can be considered.