References for Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors in Children

  1. Abbott R, Feldstein N, Wisoff J, et al: Osteoplastic laminotomy in children. Pediatr Neurosurg 18:153-156, 1992
  2. Abdel-Wahab M, Corn B, Wolfson A, et al: Prognostic factors and survival in patients with spinal glioma after radiation therapy. Am J Clin Oncol 22:344-351, 1999
  3. CBTRUS (2009). 2009-2010 CBTRUS Statistical Report: Primary Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Diagnosed in Eighteen States in 2002-2006. Published by the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States, Hinsdale, IL. cbtrus.org/2009EighteenStates/CBTRUSReport-2002-2006-new.pdf
  4. Choi J, Chang K, Yu I, et al: Intracranial and spinal ependymomas: review of MR images in 61 patients. Korean J Radiol 3:219-228, 2002
  5. Chu B, Terae S, Hida K, et al: MR findings in spinal hemangioblastomas: correlation with symptoms and with angiographic and surgical findings. Am J Neuroradiol 22:206-217, 2001
  6. Church A, Eisendrath D: A contribution to spinal cord surgery. Am J Med Sci 103:403-405, 1892
  7. Claus EB, Abdel-Wahab M, Burger PC, et al: Defining future directions in spinal cord tumor research: proceedings from the National Institutes of Health workshop. J Neurosurg Spine 12(2): 117-21, 2010
  8. Constantini S: Personal communication, New York, 2006
  9. Constantini S, Epstein F: Intraspinal tumors in infants and children, in Youmans J (ed): Neurological Surgery, ed 4. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1996, vol 4, pp 3123-313
  10. Constantini S, Miller D, Allen J, et al: Radical excision of intramedulllary spinal cord tumors: surgical morbidity and long-term follow-up evaluation in 164 children and young adults. J Neurosurg 93 (2 Suppl):183-193, 2000
  11. Damadian R: Field focusing n.m.r. (FONAR) and the formation of chemical images in man. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol 289:489-500, 1980
  12. Deletis V: Intraoperative neurophysiology and methodologies used to monitor the functional integrity of the motor system, in Deletis V, Shils J (eds): Neurophysiology in Neurosurgery, A Modern Intraoperative Approach. New York: Academic Press, 2002, pp 25-51
  13. Eiselsberg A: Vienna Weekly Clinics of Surgery 10:375, 1910
  14. Eiselsberg A: The question of operability of intramedullary spinal cord tumors. Arch Psychiatr Nervenkrankh 59:453-461, 1917
  15. Elsberg C: Diagnosis and Treatment of Surgical Diseases of the Spinal Cord and its Membranes, ed 1. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1916
  16. Elsberg C, Beer E: The operability of intramedullary tumors of the spinal cord. Am J Med Sci 142:636-647, 1911
  17. Epstein F, Epstein N: Surgical treatment of spinal cord astrocytomas of childhood. A series of 19 patients. J Neurosurg 57:685-689, 1982
  18. Epstein F, Farmer J-P: Brain-stem glioma growth patterns. J Neurosurg 78:408-412, 1993
  19. Epstein F, Farmer J-P, Schneider S: Intraoperative ultrasonography: an important surgical adjunct for intramedullary tumors. J Neurosurg 74:729-733, 1991
  20. Flamm E, Ransohoff J, Wuchinich D, et al: A preliminary experience with ultrasonic aspiration in neurosurgery. Neurosurgery 2:240-245, 1978
  21. Gomori J, Grossman R, Goldberg H, et al: Occult cerebral vascular malformations: high-field MR imaging Radiology 158:707-713, 1986
  22. Greenwood JJ: Intramedullary tumors of the spinal cord. A follow-up study after total surgical removal. J Neurosurg 20:665-668, 1963
  23. Greenwood JJ: Total removal of intramedullary tumors. J Neurosurg 11:616-621, 1954
  24. Greenwood JJ: Two point intrapolar coagulation. A new principle and instrument for applying current in neurosurgery. Am J Surg 50:267-270, 1940
  25. Hsu P, Hsu B, Rigamonti D, et al: Epidemiology of cavernous malformations, in Awad I, Barrow D (eds): Cavernous Malformations. Rolling Meadows: American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 1993
  26. Huddart R, Traish D, Ashley S, et al: Management of spinal astrocytoma with conservative surgery and radiotherapy. Br J Neurosurg 7:473-481, 1993
  27. Innocenzi G, Raco A, Cantore G, Raimondi A: Intramedullary astrocytomas and ependymomas in the pediatric age group: a retrospective study. Child’s Nerv Syst 12:776-780, 1996
  28. Kahan H, Sklar E, Post J, et al: MR characteristics of histopathologic subtypes of spinal ependymoma. Am J Neuroradiol 17:143-150, 1996
  29. Kothbauer K, Deletis V, Epstein F: Motor evoked potential monitoring for intramedullary spinal cord tumor surgery: correlation of clinical and neurophysiological data in a series of 100 consectutive procedures. Neurosurg Focus 4, 1998
  30. Kriss T, Kriss V: The history of the operating microscope: from magnifying glass to microneurosurgery. Neurosurgery 42:899-908, 1998
  31. Lowe, G: Magnetic resonance imaging of intramedullary spinal cord tumors. J Neurooncol  47: 195-210, 2000
  32. Mansur D, Hekmatpanah J, Wollman R, et al: Low grade gliomas treated with adjuvant radiation therapy in the modern imaging era. Am J Clin Oncol 23:222-226, 2000
  33. Miller D: Surgical pathology of intramedullary spinal cord neoplasms. J Neurooncol 47:189-194, 2000
  34. Mitchell M, Logan P: Radiation-induced changes in bone. Radiographics 18:1125-1136, 1998
  35. Muszynski C, Constantini S, Epstein F: Intraspinal intramedullary neoplasms, in Albright A, Pollack I, Adelson P (eds): Principles and Practice of Pediatric Neurosurgery, ed 1. New York: Tieme, 1999
  36. Norman D, Mills C, Brant-Zawadzki M, et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of the spinal cord and canal. Am J Roentgenol 141:1147-1152, 1983
  37. O’Sullivan C, Jenkin R, Doherty M, et al: Spinal cord tumors in children: long-term results of combined surgical and radiation treatment. J Neurosurg 81:507-512, 1994
  38. Parsa A, Fiore A, McCormick P, Bruce J: Genetic basis of intramedullary spinal cord tumors and therapeutic implications. J Neurooncol 47:239-251, 2000
  39. Patil C, Patil T, Lad S, et al: Complications and outcomes after spinal cord tumor resection in the United States from 1993 to 2002. Spinal Cord 46: 1-5, 2007
  40. Phillips, NS, Sanford RA, Helton KJ, et al: Diffusion tensor imaging of intraaxial tumors at the cervicomedullary and pontomedullary junctions. Report of two cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr 103(6 Suppl): 557-62, 2005
  41. Raco, A., M. Piccirilli, Landi A, et al. : High-grade intramedullary astrocytomas: 30 years’ experience at the Neurosurgery Department of the University of Rome “Sapienza”. J Neurosurg Spine 12(2): 144-53, 2010
  42. Rodrigues G, Waldron J, Wong C, et al: A retrospective analysis of 52 cases of spinal cord gliomas managed with radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 48: 837-842, 2000
  43. Roonprapunt C, Silvera V, Setton A, et al: Surgical management of isolated hemangioblastomas of the spinal cord. Neurosurg 49:321-327, 2001
  44. Rubin J, Dohrmann G: Use of ultrasonically guided probes and catheters in neurosurgery. Surg Neurol 14:143-148, 1982
  45. Sala F, Deletis V, Faccioli F, et al: Motor evoked potential monitoring improves outcome after surgery for intramedullary spinal cord tumors: A historical control study. Neurosurgery 58:1129-1143, 2006
  46. Sandler H, Papadopoulos S, Thorton AJ, et al: Spinal cord astrocytomas: results of therapy. Neurosurg 30:490-493, 1992
  47. Sundaresan N, Gutierrez F, Larsen M: Radiation myelopathy in chldren. Ann Neurol 4:47-50, 1978
  48. Velthoven V, Reinacher P, Klisch J, et al: Treatment of intramedullary hamangioblastomas, with special attention to von Hippel-Lindau disease. Neurosurgery 53:1306-1314, 2003
  49. Yasargil M, De Preux J: Microsurgical experiments in 12 cases of intramedullary hemangioblastomas Neurochirurgie 21:425-434, 1975