References for Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries in Children

  1. Augutis M, Abel R, Levi R: Pediatric s cord injury in a subset of European countries. Spinal Cord 44:106-112, 2006
  2. Babu RA, Arimappamagan A, Pruthi N, Bhat DI, Arvinda HR, Devi BI, et al: Pediatric thoracolumbar spinal injuries: The etiology and clinical spectrum of an uncommon entity in childhood. Neurol India 65:546-550, 2017
  3. Böhler L: Die techniek de knochenbruchbehandlung imgrieden und im kriege. Vienna: Verlag von Wilhelm Maudrich, 1930
  4. Bonfield CM, Levi AD, Arnold PM, Okonkwo DO: Surgical management of post-traumatic syringomyelia. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:S245-258, 2010
  5. Bonfield CM, Shabani HK, Kanumba ES, Ellegala DB, Nicholas J: The use of IV-tubing as a closed-suction drainage system during neurosurgical cases in Tanzania. Surg Neurol Int 4:76, 2013
  6. Buldini B, Amigoni A, Faggin R, Laverda AM: Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormalities. Eur J Pediatr 165:108-111, 2006
  7. Chang CH, Lee ZL, Chen WJ, Tan CF, Chen LH: Clinical significance of ring apophysis fracture in adolescent lumbar disc herniation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:1750-1754, 2008
  8. Cirak B, Ziegfeld S, Knight VM, Chang D, Avellino AM, Paidas CN: Spinal injuries in children. J Pediatr Surg 39:607-612, 2004
  9. Daniels AH, Sobel AD, Eberson CP: Pediatric thoracolumbar spine trauma. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 21:707-716, 2013
  10. Dawkins RL, Miller JH, Ramadan OI, Lysek MC, Kuhn EN, Rocque BG, et al: Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score in children: a reliability study. J Neurosurg Pediatr 21:284-291, 2018
  11. Denis F: The three column spine and its significance in the classification of acute thoracolumbar spinal injuries. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 8:817-831, 1983
  12. Dogan S, Safavi-Abbasi S, Theodore N, Chang SW, Horn EM, Mariwalla NR, et al: Thoracolumbar and sacral spinal injuries in children and adolescents: a review of 89 cases. J Neurosurg 106:426-433, 2007
  13. Durbin DR, Committee on Injury V, Poison P: Child passenger safety. Pediatrics 127:e1050-1066, 2011
  14. Erfani MA, Pourabbas B, Nouraie H, Vadiee I, Vosoughi AR: Results of fusion and instrumentation of thoracic and lumbar vertebral fractures in children: a prospective ten-year study. Musculoskelet Surg 98:107-114, 2014
  15. MG, Myles ST: Pediatric spinal injury: review of 174 hospital admissions. J Neurosurg 77:700-704, 1992
  16. Hsu JM, Joseph T, Ellis AM: Thoracolumbar fracture in blunt trauma patients: guidelines for diagnosis and imaging. Injury 34:426-433, 2003
  17. Hurlbert RJ, Hadley MN, Walters BC, Aarabi B, Dhall SS, Gelb DE, et al: Pharmacological therapy for acute spinal cord injury. Neurosurgery 72 Suppl 2:93-105, 2013
  18. Junkins EP, Jr., Stotts A, Santiago R, Guenther E: The clinical presentation of pediatric thoracolumbar fractures: a prospective study. J Trauma 65:1066-1071, 2008
  19. Launay F, Leet AI, Sponseller PD: Pediatric spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality: a meta-analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res:166-170, 2005
  20. Louman-Gardiner K, Mulpuri K, Perdios A, Tredwell S, Cripton PA: Pediatric lumbar Chance fractures in British Columbia: chart review and analysis of the use of shoulder restraints in MVAs. Accid Anal Prev 40:1424-1429, 2008
  21. Mehta S, Betz RR, Mulcahey MJ, McDonald C, Vogel LC, Anderson C: Effect of bracing on paralytic scoliosis secondary to spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 27 Suppl 1:S88-92, 2004
  22. Mendoza-Lattes S, Besomi J, O’Sullivan C, Ries Z, Gnanapradeep G, Nash R, et al: Pediatric spine trauma in the United States—Analysis of the HCUP Kid’s Inpatient Database (KID) 1997-2009. Iowa Orthop J 35:135-139, 2015
  23. Moller A, Hasserius R, Besjakov J, Ohlin A, Karlsson M: Vertebral fractures in late adolescence: a 27 to 47-year follow-up. Eur Spine J 15:1247-1254, 2006
  24. Ozkan N, Wrede K, Ardeshiri A, Sariaslan Z, Stein KP, Dammann P, et al: Management of traumatic spinal injuries in children and young adults. Childs Nerv Syst 31:1139-1148, 2015
  25. Puisto V, Kaariainen S, Impinen A, Parkkila T, Vartiainen E, Jalanko T, et al: Incidence of spinal and spinal cord injuries and their surgical treatment in children and adolescents: a population-based study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:104-107, 2010
  26. Reilly CW: Pediatric spine trauma. J Bone Joint Surg Am 89 Suppl 1:98-107, 2007
  27. Ryken TC, Hurlbert RJ, Hadley MN, Aarabi B, Dhall SS, Gelb DE, et al: The acute cardiopulmonary management of patients with cervical spinal cord injuries. Neurosurgery 72 Suppl 2:84-92, 2013
  28. Santiago R, Guenther E, Carroll K, Junkins EP, Jr.: The clinical presentation of pediatric thoracolumbar fractures. J Trauma 60:187-192, 2006
  29. Santschi M, Lemoine C, Cyr C: The spectrum of seat belt syndrome among Canadian children: Results of a two-year population surveillance study. Paediatr Child Health 13:279-283, 2008
  30. Satyarthee GD, Sangani M, Sinha S, Agrawal D: Management and outcome analysis of pediatric unstable thoracolumbar spine injury: Large surgical series with literature review. J Pediatr Neurosci 12:209-214, 2017
  31. Saul D, Dresing K: Epidemiology of vertebral fractures in pediatric and adolescent patients. Pediatr Rep 10:7232, 2018
  32. Sellin JN, Steele WJ, 3rd, Simpson L, Huff WX, Lane BC, Chern JJ, et al: Multicenter retrospective evaluation of the validity of the Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score system in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr 18:164-170, 2016
  33. Srinivasan V, Jea A: Pediatric thoracolumbar spine trauma. Neurosurg Clin N Am 28:103-114, 2017
  34. Stanislas MJ, Latham JM, Porter KM, Alpar EK, Stirling AJ: A high risk group for thoracolumbar fractures. Injury 29:15-18, 1998
  35. Vaccaro AR, Lehman RA, Jr., Hurlbert RJ, Anderson PA, Harris M, Hedlund R, et al: A new classification of thoracolumbar injuries: the importance of injury morphology, the integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex, and neurologic status. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2325-2333, 2005
  36. Vaccaro AR, Oner C, Kepler CK, Dvorak M, Schnake K, Bellabarba C, et al: AOSpine thoracolumbar spine injury classification system: fracture description, neurological status, and key modifiers. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38:2028-2037, 2013
  37. Vaccaro AR, Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Cumhur Oner F, Vialle LR, Kandziora F, et al: The surgical algorithm for the AOSpine thoracolumbar spine injury classification system. Eur Spine J 25:1087-1094, 2016
  38. Wang MY, Hoh DJ, Leary SP, Griffith P, McComb JG: High rates of neurological improvement following severe traumatic pediatric spinal cord injury. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1493-1497, 2004