In 2005 the TLICS was published. It allows a rapid assessment for injuries to the thoracolumbar spine and has been validated for use in children and adolescents (10,32,35,36)..
|Disruption Posterior Ligamentous Elements|
|Cord, conus medullaris complete||4|
|Cord, conus medullaris incomplete||4|
- Nonsurgical management: Recommended when the sum of all categories is 0–3.
- Surgical management: Recommended when the sum of all categories is ≥4.
- Consideration of either intervention: Necessary when the total equals 4.