References for Degenerative Lumbar Disk Disease in Children

  1. Anderson L: Educational approaches to management of low back pain. Orthop Nurs 8:43-46, 1989
  2. Annunen S, Paassilta P, Lohiniva J, et al: An allele of COL9A2 associated with intervertebral disc disease. Science 285:409-412, 1999
  3. Boos N, Weissbach S, Rohrbach H, et al: Classification of age-related changes in lumbar intervertebral discs: 2002 Volvo Award in basic science. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2631-2644, 2002
  4. Burke JG, Watson RW, McCormack D, et al: Spontaneous production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and interleukin-8 by the human lumbar intervertebral disc. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:1402-1407, 2002
  5. Cahill KS, Dunn I, Gunnarsson T, et al: Lumbar microdiscectomy in pediatric patients: a large single-institution series. J Neurosurg Spine 12:165-170, 2010
  6. Calvo-Munoz I, Gomez-Conesa A, Sanchez-Meca J: Prevalence of low back pain in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. BMC Pediatr 13:14, 2013
  7. DeOrio JK, Bianco AJ, Jr: Lumbar disc excision in children and adolescents. J Bone Joint Surg Am 64:991-996, 1982
  8. Ebersold MJ, Quast LM, Bianco AJ, Jr: Results of lumbar discectomy in the pediatric patient. J Neurosurg 67:643-647, 1987
  9. Gruber HE, Hanley EN, Jr: Ultrastructure of the human intervertebral disc during aging and degeneration: comparison of surgical and control specimens. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:798-805, 2002
  10. Guiot BH, Fessler RG: Molecular biology of degenerative disc disease. Neurosurgery 47:1034-1040, 2000
  11. Haveman LM, van Es HW, ten Berge-Kuipers M: [Complaints of back pain in childhood: find curable causes]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 152:353-358, 2008
  12. Jones G, White C, Sambrook P, Eisman J: Allelic variation in the vitamin D receptor, lifestyle factors and lumbar spinal degenerative disease. Ann Rheum Dis 57:94-99, 1998
  13. Kawaguchi Y, Osada R, Kanamori M, et al: Association between an aggrecan gene polymorphism and lumbar disc degeneration. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:2456-2460, 1999
  14. Kimura T, Nakata K, Tsumaki N, et al: Progressive degeneration of articular cartilage and intervertebral discs. An experimental study in transgenic mice bearing a type IX collagen mutation. Int Orthop 20:177-181, 1996
  15. Kumar R, Kumar V, Das NK, et al: Adolescent lumbar disc disease: findings and outcome. Childs Nerv Syst 23:1295-1299, 2007
  16. Maigne JY, Rime B, Deligne B: Computed tomographic follow-up study of forty-eight cases of nonoperatively treated lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 17:1071-1074, 1992
  17. Nerlich AG, Weiler C, Zipperer J, et al: Immunolocalization of phagocytic cells in normal and degenerated intervertebral discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2484-2490, 2002
  18. Paassilta P, Lohiniva J, Goring HH, et al: Identification of a novel common genetic risk factor for lumbar disk disease. JAMA 285:1843-1849, 2001
  19. Roberts S, Caterson B, Menage J, et al: Matrix metalloproteinases and aggrecanase: their role in disorders of the human intervertebral disc. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:3005-3013, 2000
  20. Rudwaleit M, Metter A, Listing J, et al: Inflammatory back pain in ankylosing spondylitis: a reassessment of the clinical history for application as classification and diagnostic criteria. Arthritis Rheum 54:569-578, 2006
  21. Rudwaleit M, van der Heijde D, Landewe R, et al: The development of Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society classification criteria for axial spondyloarthritis (part II): validation and final selection. Ann Rheum Dis 68:777-783, 2009
  22. 22Saal JA, Saal JS: Nonoperative treatment of herniated lumbar intervertebral disc with radiculopathy. An outcome study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 14:431-437, 1989
  23. Sayama C, Chen T, Trost G, et al: A review of pediatric lumbar spine trauma. Neurosurg Focus 37:E6, 2014
  24. Scapinelli R: Lumbar disc herniation in eight siblings with a positive family history for disc disease. Acta Orthop Belg 59:371-376, 1993
  25. Sjolie AN: Low-back pain in adolescents is associated with poor hip mobility and high body mass index. Scand J Med Sci Sports 14:168–175, 2004
  26. Slotkin JR, Mislow JM, Day AL, et al: Pediatric disk disease. Neurosurg Clin N Am 18:659-667, 2007
  27. Swischuk LE, John SD, Allbery S: Disk degenerative disease in childhood: Scheuermann’s disease, Schmorl’s nodes, and the limbus vertebra: MRI findings in 12 patients. Pediatr Radiol 28:334-338, 1998
  28. Taimela S, Kujala UM, Salminen JJ, et al: The prevalence of low back pain among children and adolescents. A nationwide, cohort-based questionnaire survey in Finland. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:1132-1136, 1997
  29. Taxter AJ, Chauvin NA, Weiss PF: Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain in the pediatric population. Phys Sportsmed 42:94-104, 2014
  30. Thomas JG, Hwang SW, Whitehead WE, et al: Minimally invasive lumbar microdiscectomy in pediatric patients: a series of 6 patients. J Neurosurg Pediatr 7:616-619, 2011
  31. Turner PG, Green JH, Galasko CS: Back pain in childhood. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 14:812-814, 1989
  32. Varlotta GP, Brown MD, Kelsey JL, et al: Familial predisposition for herniation of a lumbar disc in patients who are less than twenty-one years old. J Bone Joint Surg Am 73:124-128, 1991
  33. Vialle LR, Vialle E: Pediatric spine injuries. Injury 36 Suppl 2:B104-112, 2005
  34. Videman T, Leppavuori J, Kaprio J, et al: Intragenic polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene associated with intervertebral disc degeneration. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:2477-2485, 1998
  35. Wang X, Zeng J, Nie H, et al: Percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy for pediatric lumbar disc herniation. Childs Nerv Syst 30:897-902, 2014
  36. Watanabe H, Nakata K, Kimata K, et al: Dwarfism and age-associated spinal degeneration of heterozygote cmd mice defective in aggrecan. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:6943-6947, 1997
  37. Weiler C, Nerlich AG, Zipperer J, et al: 2002 SSE Award Competition in Basic Science: expression of major matrix metalloproteinases is associated with intervertebral disc degradation and resorption. Eur Spine J 11:308-320, 2002
  38. Yen CH, Chan SK, Ho YF, et al: Posterior lumbar apophyseal ring fractures in adolescents: a report of four cases. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 17:85-89, 2009