References for Spine Infections in Children

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  7. Reihsaus E, Waldbaur H, Seeling W: Spinal epidural abscess: a meta-analysis of 915 patients. Neurosurgical Review 23:175-20,2000
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  9. Auletta J, Chandy J: Spinal epidural abscesses in children: A 15-year experience and review of the literature. Clin Infect Disease 32:9-16, 2001
  10. Martin R, Yuan H: Neurosurgical care of spinal epidural, subdural, and intramedullary abscesses and arachnoiditis. Orthop Clin North Am 27:125–136, 1996
  11. Glazer P, Hu S: Pediatric spinal infections. Orthop Clin North Am 27:111–123, 1996
  12. Leys D, Lesoin F, Viaud C, et al: Decreased morbidity from acute bacterial spinal epidural abscesses using computed tomography and nonsurgical treatment in selected patients. Ann Neurol 17:350–355, 1985
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  18. Wheeler D, Keiser P, Rigamondti D, et al: Medical management of spinal epidural abscesses: case report and review. Clin Infect Dis 15: 22-27, 1992
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  22. Auletta JJ, John CC: Spinal epidural abscesses in children: a 15-year experience and review of the literature. Clin Infect Dis 32:9-16, 2001
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  25. Mohindra S , Gupta R, Chhabra R, et al: Infected intraparenchymal dermoids: an underestimated entity. J Child Neurol 23:1011-1016, 2008
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  30. Newell R: The spinal epidural space. Orthop Clin North Am 27:15-31, 1996
  31. Bowen DK, Mitchell LA, Burnett MW, et al: Spinal epidural abscess due to tropical pyomyositis in immunocompetent adolescents. J Neurosurg Pediatr 6: 33-37, 2010
  32. Martino AM, Winfield JA: Salmonella osteomyelitis with epidural abscess. A case report with review of osteomyelitis in children with sickle cell anemia. Pediatr Neurosurg 16:321-325, 1990
  33. Broner,FA, Garland DE, Zigler JE: Spinal infections in the immunocompromised host. Orthop Clin North Am 27:37-46, 1996
  34. Abbasi SJ, Hughes WT, Flynn PM: Aspergillosis in children with cancer: a 34-year experience. Clin Infect Dis 29:1210-1219, 1999
  35. Kumar A, Singh AK, Badole CM, et al: Tubercular epidural abscess in children: report of two cases. Indian J Tuberc 56(4): p. 217-9, 2009
  36. Baker AS, Ojemann RG, Swartz MN, et al: Spinal epidural abscess. N Engl J Med 293:463-468, 1975
  37. Rubin G, Michowitz SD, Ashkenazi A, et al: Spinal epidural abscess in the pediatric age group: case report and review of literature. Pediatr Infect Dis J 12:1007-1011, 1993
  38. Enberg RN, Kaplan RJ: Spinal epidural abscess in children. Early diagnosis and immediate surgical drainage is essential to forestall paralysis. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 13: 247-248, 1974
  39. Martin RJ, Yuan HA: Neurosurgical care of spinal epidural, subdural, and intramedullary abscesses and arachnoiditis. Orthop Clin North Am 27: 125-136, 1996
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  42. Darouiche RO: Spinal epidural abscess. N Engl J Med 355:2012-2020, 2006
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  47. Hlavin ML, Kaminski HJ, Ross JS, et al: Spinal epidural abscess: a ten-year perspective. Neurosurgery 27:177-184, 1990
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  51. Gudinchet F, Chapuis L, Berger D: Diagnosis of anterior cervical spinal epidural abscess by US and MRI in a newborn. Pediatr Radiol 21:515-517, 1991
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  56. Fischer EG, Greene CS Jr, Winston KR: Spinal epidural abscess in children. Neurosurgery 9:257-260, 1981
  57. Leys D, Lesoin F, Viaud C, et al: Decreased morbidity from acute bacterial spinal epidural abscesses using computed tomography and nonsurgical treatment in selected patients. Ann Neurol 17:350-355, 1985
  58. Leys D, Petit H: Spinal epidural abscesses: surgery or conservative treatment? Clin Neurol Neurosurg 90:181-182, 1988
  59. Rezai AR, Lee M, Cooper PR, et al: Modern management of spinal tuberculosis. Neurosurgery 36:87-97; discussion 97-98, 1995
  60. Bavdekar S, Rao N, Kamat J: Intramedullary spinal cord abscess. The Indian J Pediatr 64:428-431, 1997
  61. Chidambaram B, Balasubramaniam V: Intramedullary abscess of the spinal cord. Pediatr Neurosurg 34:43-44, 2001
  62. Byrne RW, Von Roenn KA, Whisler WW: Intramedullary abscess: a report of two cases and a review of the literature. Neurosurgery 35:321-326, 1994
  63. Khriesat W, Qudsieh S, Qudsieh H, et al: Management of intramedullary spinal cord abscess: experience with four cases, pathophysiology and outcomes. Eur Spine J 18:710-717, 2009
  64. Simon JK, Lazareff JA, Diament MJ, et al: Intramedullary abscess of the spinal cord in children: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Infect Dis J 22:186, 2003
  65. Guzel N, Eras M, Guzel DK: A child with spinal intramedullary abscess. Child Nerv Syst 19:773-776, 2003
  66. Shah J, Joshi V, Patkar D: Dorsal dermal sinus with intramedullary abscess formation. Australas Radiol 51:B205-B209, 2007
  67. Roh JE, Lee SY, Cha S-H, et al: Sequential magnetic resonance imaging finding of intramedullary spinal cord abscess including diffusion weighted image: a case report. Korean J Radiol 12:241-246, 2011
  68. Yüceer N, Senoglu M, Arda M: Intramedullary spinal cord abscess in a 4-year old child. Acta Neurochir 146:1273-1274, 2004
  69. Morimoto K, Takemoto O, Nakamura H, et al: Spinal dermal sinus associated with intramedullary abscess and dermoid. Pediatr Neurosurg 39:225-226, 2003
  70. Houx L, Brochard S, Peudenier S, et al: Recovery after tetraplegia caused by dermal sinus infection: intramedullary abscess and tetraparesis. Pediatr Neurol 44:229-232, 2011
  71. Bunyaratavej K, Desudchit T, Pongpunlert W: Holocord intramedullary abscess due to dermal sinus in a 2-month-old child successfully treated with limited myelotomy and aspiration: Case report. J Neurosurg 104: 269-274, 2006
  72. Turgut M, Turgut AT, Kosar U: Spinal brucellosis: Turkish experience based on 452 cases published during the last century. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 148:1033–44; discussion 1044, 2006
  73. Leite C, Jinkins J, Escobar B, et al: MR imaging of intramedullary and intradural–extramedullary spinal cysticercosis. Am J Radiol 169:1713–1717, 1997
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  75. Song S, Ogden J, Ganey T, et al: Contiguous discitis and osteomyelitis in children. J Pediatr Orthop 17:470-477, 1997
  76. Wiley A, Trueta J: The vascular anatomy of the spine and its relationship to pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis. J Bone Joint Surg Br 41:796–809, 1959
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  79. Crawford A, Kucharzyk D, Ruda R, et al: Discitis in children. Clin Orthop 266:70–79, 1991
  80. Kemp H, Jackson J, Jeremiah J, et al: Pyogenic infections occurring primarily in intervertebral discs. J Bone Joint Surg Br 55:698–714, 1973
  81. Kayser R, Mahlfeld K, Greulich M, et al: Spondylodiscitis in childhood: results of a long-term study. Spine 30:318–323, 2005
  82. Donovan P, Bowen B, Sze G: Magnetic resonance imaging of spinal infection. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 17:773–794, 1991
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  84. Martin RJ, Yuan HA: Neurosurgical care of spinal epidural, subdural, and intramedullary abscesses and arachnoiditis. Orthop Clin North Am 27: 125-136, 1996
  85. Hadjipavlou A, Mader J, Necessary J, et al: Hematogenous pyogenic spinal infections and their surgical management. Spine 25:1668–1679, 2000
  86. Garron E,Viehweger E, Launay F, et al: Nontuberculous spondylodiscitis in children. J Pediatr Orthop 22:321-328, 2002
  87. Heusner AP: Nontuberculous spinal epidural infections. New Engl J Med 239:845-854, 1948
  88. Bartels RH, de Jong TR, Grotenhuis JA: Spinal subdural abscess. Case report. J Neurosurg 76:307-311, 1992
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  95. Morandi X, Mercier P, Fournier HD, et al: Dermal sinus and intramedullary spinal cord abscess Report of two cases and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst 15:202-207, 1999
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