References for Meningitis and Ventriculitis in Children

  1. Ahmed A, Hickey SM, Ehrett S, et al: Cerebrospinal fluid values in the term neonate. Pediatr Infect Dis J 15:298-303,1996
  2. Almirante B, Rodriguez D: Antifungal agents in neonates. Issues and recommendations. Pediatr Drugs 9:311-21, 2007
  3. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases: Dexamethasone therapy for bacterial meningitis in infants and children. Pediatrics 86: 130-3, 1990
  4. Andronikou S, Smith B, Hatherhill M, et al: Definitive neuroradiological diagnostic features of tuberculous meningitis in children. Pediatr Radiol 34:876-85, 2004
  5. Baradkar V, Mathur M, De A, et al: Prevalence and clinical presentation of Cryptococcal meningitis among HIV seropositive patients. Indian J Sex Trasm Dis. 30: 19-22, 2009
  6. Beere R, Lackner P, Pfausler B, et al: Nosocomial ventriculitis and meningitis in neurocritical care patients. J Neurol 255:1617-1624, 2008
  7. Bell AH, Brown D, Halliday HL, et al: Meningitis in the newborn – a 14 year review. Archives of Disease in Childhood 64: 873-4, 1989
  8. Bentlin MR, Ferreira GL, Rugolo LMSdeS, et al: Neonatal meningitis according to the microbiological diagnosis. Arq Neuropsiquatr 68:882-7, 2010
  9. Berger JF: Tuberculous meningitis. Curr Opin Neurol 7:191-200, 1994
  10. Bonington A, Strang JI, Klapper PE, et al: Use of roche AMLOCOR Mycobacterium tuberculosis PCR in early diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. J Clin Microbiol 36:1251-4, 1998
  11. Brouwer MC, McIntyre P, deGans J, et al: Corticosteroids for acute bacterial meningitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 9. DOi:10.10024651858.CD004405.pub3.
  12. Cecchini D, Ambrosioni J, Brezzo C, et al:. Tuberculous meningitis in HIV-infected patients: drug susceptibility and clinical outcome. AIDS 21:373-4, 2007
  13. Chandran A, Herbert H, Misurski D, et al: Long-term sequelae of childhood bacterial meningitis. An underappreciated problem. Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:3-6, 2011
  14. Chapman SW, Lin AC, Hendricks KA, et al: Endemic blastomycosis in Mississippi: Epidemiological and clinical studies. Semin Respir Infect 12:219-28, 1997
  15. Cugno C, Cesaro S: Epidemiology, risk factors and therapy of candidemia in pediatric hematological patients. Pediatr Rep 4:e9, 2012
  16. Curtis S, Stobart K, Vandermeer B, et al: Clinical features suggestive of meningitis in children: A systematic review of prospective data. Pediatrics 126: 952-960, 2010
  17. Dajani AS, Asmar BI, Thirumoorthi MC: Systemic Haemophilus influenzae disease: an overview. J Pediatr 94:355-64 , 1979
  18. Davis LE: Acute and recurrent viral meningitis. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 10: 168-77, 2008
  19. Dawson KG, Emerson JC, Burns JL: Fifteen years of experience with bacterial meningitis. Pediatr Inf Dis J 18:816-22, 1999
  20. deJonge RCJ, van Furth AM, Wassenaar M, et al: Predicting sequelae and death after bacterial meningitis in childhood: A systematic review of prognostic studies. BMC Infect Dis 20:232, 2010
  21. Denning DW, Armstrong RW, Lewis BH, et al: Elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressures in patients with cryptococcal meningitis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am J Med 91:267-72, 1991
  22. Denning DW, Hope WW: Therapy for fungal diseases: opportunities and priorities. Trends Microbiol 18: 195-204, 2010
  23. Desai D, Nataraj G, Kulkarni S et al: Utility of the polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. Res Microbiol 157:967-70, 2006
  24. Diamond RD, Bennett JE: Prognostic factors in cryptococcal meningitis: a study in 111 cases. Ann Intern Med 80:176-81, 1974
  25. Dodge PR, Davis H, Feigin D, et al: Prospctive evaluation of hearing impairment as a sequel of acute bacterial meningitis. N Engl J Med 311:869-74, 1984
  26. Fernandez M, Moylett EH, Noyola DE, et al: Candidal meningitis: A 10-year review. Clin Infect Dis 31:458-63, 2000
  27. Fridkin SK, Kaufman D, Edwards JR, et al: Changing incidence of Candida bloodstream infections among NICU patients in the United States: 1995-2004. Pediatrics 117: 1680-7, 2006
  28. Furyk JS, Swann O, Molyneux E: Systematic review: neonatal meningitis in the developing world. Trop Med Int Health 16:672-679, 2011
  29. Garg RK: Tuberculous meningitis. Acta Neurol Scand. 122:75-90, 2010
  30. Grandgirard D, Leib SL: Meningitis in neonates: Bench to bedside. Clin Perinatol 37:655-676, 2010
  31. Harrison OB, Brueggemann AB, Caugant DA, et al: Molecular typing methods for outbreak detection and surveillance of invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae, a review. Microbiology 157: 2181-2195, 2011
  32. Hasbun R, Abrahams J, Jekel J, et al: Computed tomography of the head before lumbar puncture in adults with suspected meningitis. N Engl J Med 345:1727-33, 2001
  33. Hristeva L, Booy R, Bowler I, et al: Prospective surveillance of neonatal meningitis. Arch Dis Childhood 69:14-8, 1993
  34. Hughes DC, Raghavan A, Mordekar SR, et al: Role of imaging in the diagnosis of acute bacterial meningitis and its complications. Postgrad Med J 86:478-85, 2010
  35. Jarvis JN, Percival A, Bauman S, et al: Evaluation of a novel point of care cryptococcal antigen test on blood, serum, and urine from patients with HIV-associated meningitis Clin Infect Dis 53: 1019-23, 2011
  36. Jha DK, Mishra V, Choudhary A, et al: Factors affecting the outcome of neuroendoscopy in patients with tuberculous meningitis hydrocephalus: a preliminary study. Surg Neurol 68:35-41, 2007
  37. Karande S, Gupta V, Kulkarni M, et al: Prognostic clinical variables in childhood tuberculous meningitis: an experience from Mumbai, India. Neurol India 53:191-5, 2005
  38. Klein JO: Bacterial meningitis and sepsis, in Remington JS, Klein JO (eds): Infectious Disease of the Fetus and Newborn Infant. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 2000, pp 943-98
  39. Kumar R, Dwivedi A, Kumar P, et al: Tuberculous meningitis in BCG vaccinated and unvaccinated children. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76:1550-4, 2005
  40. Lamprecht D, Schoeman J, Donald P, et al: Ventriculoperitoneal shunting in childhood tuberculous meningitis with hydrocephalus. Pediatr Neurosurg 37L 194-8, 2002
  41. Lane M, McBride J, Archer J: Steroid responsive late deterioration in crytococcus neoformans variant gattii meningitis. Neurology 63:713-4, 1994
  42. Lee EL, Robinson MJ, Thong ML, et al: Intraventricular chemotherapy in neonatal meningitis. J Pediatr 91: 991-5, 1977
  43. Lilien LD, Ramamurchy RS, Pildes RS: Candida albicans meningitis in a premature neonate successfully treated with 5 fluorocytosine and amphotericin B: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatrics 61:57-61, 1978
  44. McCracken GH, Mize SG, Threlkeld N: Intraventricular gentamicin therapy in Gram-negative bacillary meningitis of infancy. Lancet 1:787-91, 1980
  45. McCracken GH Jr, Nelson JD, Kaplan SL, et al: Consensus report: Antimicrobial therapy for bacterial meningitis in infants and children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 6:501-5, 1987
  46. McIntyre PB, Berkey CS, King SM, et al: Dexamethasone as adjunctive therapy in bacterial meningitis: A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials since 1988. JAMA 2778:925-31, 1997
  47. Michos AG, Syriopoulous VP, Hadjichristodoulous C, et al: Aseptic meningitis in children: Analysis of 506 cases. PLoS One 2:e674, 2007
  48. Moore M. Enteroviral disease in the United States, 1970-1979. J Infect Dis 146:103-8, 1982
  49. O’Brien KL, Wolfson LJ, Watt JP, et al: Burden of disease caused by Streptococcus pneumonia in children younger than 5 years: global estimates. Lancet 374: 893-902, 2009
  50. Polin RA, Harris MC: Neonatal bacterial meningitis. Seminars in Neonatology 6:157-72, 2001
  51. Pong A, Bradley JS: Bacterial meningitis and the newborn infant. Inf Dis Clin North Am 13: 711-33, 1999
  52. Prasad K, Singh MB: Corticosteroids for managing tuberculous meningitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 1. Art No.:CD002244. DOI:10.1002/14651858.pub3.
  53. Quinn JV, Steele RW: Ventriculitis following a neurosurgical procedure. Clin Pediatr 41:439-441, 2002
  54. Ramakrishnan M, Moisi JC, Klugman KP, et al: Increased risk of invasive bacterial infections in African people with sickle-cell disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 10:329-337, 2010
  55. Read SJ, Jeffrey KJM, Bangham CRM: Aseptic meningitis and encephalitis: The role of PCR in the diagnostics laboratory J Clin Microbiol 35: 691-6, 1997
  56. Rennick G, Shann F, De Campo J: Cerebral herniation during bacterial meningitis in children. Br Med J 306:953-5, 1993
  57. Rieder HL, Snider DE Jr, Cauthen GM: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in the United States. Am Rev Respir Dis 141:347-51, 1990
  58. Rodewald LE, Woodin KA, Szilagyi PG, et al: Relevance of common tests of cerebrospinal fluid in screening for bacterial meningitis. J Pediatr 119:363-9, 1991
  59. Rodriguez AF, Kaplan SL, Mason EO Jr: Cerebrospinal fluid values in the very low birth weight infant. J Pediatr 116:971-4, 1990
  60. 6Saez-Llorens X, McCracken GH Jr: Meningitis, in Gersh AA, Hotz PJ, Katz SL (eds): Krugman’s Infectious Disease of Children. Philadelphia: Mosby, 2004, pp 373-90
  61. Salmon JH: Puncture porencephaly. Pathogenesis and prevention. Am J Dis Children 114:72-9, 1967
  62. Shah SS, Ohlsson A, Shah VS: Intraventricular antibiotics for bacterial meningitis in neonates. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 4. Art. No.:CD004496. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004496.pub2.
  63. Singh P, Baveja CP, Talukdar B, et al: Diagnostic utility of ELISA test using antigen A60 in suspected cases of tuberculous meningitis in paediatric age group. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 42:11-4, 1999
  64. Singhi S, Jarvinen A, Peltola H: Increase in serum osmolality is possible mechanism for the beneficial effects of glycerol in childhood bacterial meningitis. Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:892-6, 2008
  65. Sorrell TC, Chen SC-A: Recent advances in management of cryptococcal meningitis: commentary. F1000 Medicine Reports 2:82, 2010
  66. Stockstill MT, Kauffman CA: Comparison of cryptococcal and tuberculous meningitis. Arch Neurol 40:81-5, 1983
  67. Tandon PN, Bhatia R, Bhargava S: Tuberculous meningitis. Handbook of Clinical Neurology 52:195-226, 1988
  68. Thomson RB, Bertram H: Laboratory diagnosis of central nervous system infections. Inf Dis Clin North Am 15:1047-71, 2001
  69. Torok ME, Chau TT, Mai PP, et al: Clinical and microbiological features of HIV-associated tuberculous meningitis in Vietnamese adults. PLoS One 3:e1772, 2008
  70. Van der Horst CM, Saag MS, Cloud GA, et al: Treatment of cryptococcal meningitis associated with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease Mycoses Study Group and AIDS Clinical Trials Group. N Engl J Med 337:15-21, 1997
  71. Visintin C, Mugglestone MA, Fields EL, et al: Management of bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia in children and young people: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ 340:c3209, 2010
  72. Wald ER, Kaplan SL, Mason EO, et al: Dexamethasone therapy for children with bacterial meningitis. Pediatrics 95:21-8, 1995
  73. Watt JP, Wolfson LJ, O’Brien KL, et al: Burden of disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children younger than 5 years: global estimates. Lancet 374: 903-11, 2009
  74. Wu H-M, Huang W-Y, Lee M-L, et al: Clinical features, acute complications, and outcome of Salmonella meningitis in children under one year of age in Taiwan. BMC Infect Dis 11:30, 2011
  75. Yikilmaz A, Taylor GA: Sonographic findings in bacterial meningitis in neonates and young infants. Pediatr Radiol 38:129-37, 2008
  76. Yogev R, Shulman St, Chadwick EG, et al: Once daily ceftriaxone for central nervous system infections and other serious pediatric infections. Pediatr Infect Dis J 5:298-303, 1986
  77. Youssef FG, Afifi SA, Azab AM et al: Differentiation of tuberculous meningitis from acute bacterial meningitis using simple clinical and laboratory parameter. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 55:275-8, 2006
  78. Moller K, Larson FS, Bie P, et al: The syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone and fluid restriction in meningitis – how strong is the evidence? Scand J Infect Dis 33: 13-26, 2001
  79. Radmanesh F, Nejat F, El Khashab M: Dermal sinus tract of the spine. Childs Nerv Syst 26: 349-57, 2010
  80. Quinke HI: Die lumbalpunction des Hydrocephalus. Berl Klin Wochenschr 28: 929-33, 1891
  81. Dandy WE: Ventriculography following the injection of air into the cerebral ventricles. Ann Surg 68: 5-11, 1918