On the Horizon for Echinococcal Infections of the Central Nervous System in Children

  • Endoscopy: Endoscopy may be a promising surgical alternative in the evacuation of spinal cysts and in treating intracranial alveolar cysts (50).
  • Gamma knife radiosurgery: Radiosurgery may be of use for spinal and intracranial secondary cysts (51).
  • Development of more effective chemotherapeutic agents: Drugs carrying fewer side effects might be important in the conservative treatment of hydatidosis (61, 62). Even with the use of presently available compounds, chemotherapy can be the initial form of treatment for small and multiple cysts located in eloquent areas of the brain in patients with no or minimal neurological deficits.