References for Hydrocephalus due to Posterior Fossa Tumors in Children

  1. Albright L: The value of precraniotomy shunts in children with posterior fossa tumors. Clin Neurosurg 30:278-285, 1985
  2. Agerlin N, Gjerris F, Brincker H, et al: Childhood medulloblastoma in Denmark 1960-1984. A population-based retrospective study. Childs Nerv Syst 15:29-36, 1999
  3. American Medical Association: CME Module 6. Pain Management: Pediatric Pain Management, 2010 (http://www.ama-cmeonline.com/pain_mgmt/printversion/ama_painmgmt_m6.pdf) [Accessed 11 August 2012]
  4. Arseni C, Ciurea AV: Statistical survey of 276 cases of medulloblastoma (1935–1978). Acta Neurochir (Wien) 57:159-162, 1981
  5. Bognar L, Borgula G, Benke P, et al: Analysis of CSF shunting procedure requirement in children with posterior fossa tumors. Childs Nerv Syst 19:332-336, 2003
  6. Bouras T, Sgouros S: Complications of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg Pediatr Jun7(6):643-9, 2011
  7. Culley DJ, Berger MS, Shaw D, et al: An analysis of factors determining the need for ventriculoperitoneal shunts after posterior fossa tumor surgery in children. Neurosurgery 34:402-407, 1994
  8. David KM, Casey AT, Hayward RD, et al: Medulloblastoma: is the 5-year survival rate improving? A review of 80 cases from a single institution. J Neurosurg 86:13-21, 1997
  9. Dias MS, Albright AL: Management of hydrocephalus complicating childhood posterior fossa tumors. Pediatr Neurosci 15:283-289, 1989
  10. Due-Tonnessen BJ, Helseth E: Management of hydrocephalus in children with posterior fossa tumors: role of tumor surgery. Pediatr Neurosurg 43:92-96, 2007
  11. Elgamal EA, Richards PG, Patel UJ: Fatal haemorrhage in medulloblastoma following ventricular drainage. Case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg 42:45-48, 2006
  12. Epstein F, Murali R: Pediatric posterior fossa tumors: hazards of the “preoperative” shunt. Neurosurgery 3:348-350, 1978
  13. Feng H, Huang G, Liao X, et al: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in the management of obstructive hydrocephalus: an outcome analysis. J Neurosurg 100:626-633, 2004
  14. Fritsch MJ, Doerner L, Kienke S, et al: Hydrocephalus in children with posterior fossa tumors: role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg 103:40-42, 2005
  15. Fuchs S, Gausche-Hill M, Yamamoto L: Advanced Pediatric Life Support. Revised 4th ed. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett, 2007
  16. Gnanaligham KK, Lafuente J, Thompson D, et al: Surgical procedures for posterior fossa tumors in children: Does craniotomy lead to fewer complications than craniectomy? J Neurosurg 97:821-826, 2002
  17. Gnanaligham KK, Lafuente J, Thompson D, et al: The natural history of ventriculomegaly and tonsillar herniation in children with posterior fossa tumors – an MRI study. Pediatr Neurosurg 39:246-253, 2003
  18. Hopf NJ, Grunert P, Fries G, et al: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy: outcome analysis of 100 consecutive procedures. Neurosurgery 44:795-804, 1999
  19. Imielinski BL, Kloc W, Wasilewski W, et al: Posterior fossa tumors in children-indications for ventricular drainage and for V-P shunting. Childs Nerv Syst 14:227-229, 1998
  20. Joint Formulary Committee: British National Formulary for children 2012 – 2013. ed. London. BMJ Group and Pharmaceutical Press, 2012
  21. Kombogiorgas D, Sgouros S, Walsh AR, et al: Outcome of children with posterior fossa medulloblastoma: a single institution experience over the decade 1994-2003. Childs Nerv Syst 23:399-405, 2007
  22. Kombogiorgas D, Natarajan K, Sgouros S: Predictive value of preoperative ventricular volume on the need for permanent hydrocephalus treatment immediately after resection of posterior fossa medulloblastomas in children. J Neurosurg Pediatrics 1:451-455, 2008
  23. Kumar V, Phipps K, Harkness W, et al: Ventriculo-peritoneal shunt requirement in children with posterior fossa tumors: an 11-year audit. Br J Neurosurg 10:467-470, 1996
  24. Lee M, Wisoff JH, Abbott R, et al: Management of hydrocephalus in children with medulloblastoma: prognostic factors for shunting. Pediatr Neurosurg 20:240-247, 1994
  25. LeMay M, Hochberg FH: Ventricular differences between hydrostatic hydrocephalus and hydrocephalus ex vacuo by computed tomography. Neuroradiology 17:191-195, 1979
  26. Matsumoto J, Kochi M, Morioka M, et al: A long-term ventricular drainage for patients with germ cell tumors or medulloblastoma. Surg Neurol 65:74-80, 2006
  27. McLaurin RL: On the use of precraniotomy shunting in the management of posterior fossa tumors in children. Concepts Paediatr Neurosurg 6:1-5, 1985
  28. Morelli D, Pirotte B, Lubansu A, et al: Persistent hydrocephalus after early surgical management of posterior fossa tumors in children: is routine preoperative endoscopic third ventriculostomy justified? J Neurosurg 103:247-252, 2005
  29. Nishiyama K, Mori H, Tanaka R: Changes in cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamics following endoscopic third ventriculostomy for shunt-dependent noncommunicating hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 98:1027-1031, 2003
  30. Park TS, Hoffman HJ, Hendrick EB, et al: Medulloblastoma: clinical presentation and management. Experience at the hospital for sick children, Toronto, 1950-1980. J Neurosurg 58:543-552, 1983
  31. Polednak AP, Flannery JT: Brain, other central nervous system, and eye cancer. Cancer 75:330-337, 1995
  32. Pollack IF, Jakacki RI: Childhood brain tumors: epidemiology, current management and future directions. Nat Rev Neurol 7: 495-506,2011
  33. Raimondi AJ, Tomita T: Hydrocephalus and infratentorial tumors. Incidence, clinical picture, and treatment. J Neurosurg 55:174-182, 1981
  34. Roberts RO, Lynch CF, Jones MP, et al: Medulloblastoma: a population-based study of 532 cases. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 50:134-144, 1991.
  35. Sainte-Rose C, Cinalli G, Roux FE, et al: Management of hydrocephalus in pediatric patients with posterior fossa tumors: the role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg 95:791-797, 2001
  36. Schijman E, Peter JC, Rekate HL, et al: Management of hydrocephalus in posterior fossa tumors: how, what, when? Childs Nerv Syst 20:192-194, 2004
  37. Schmid UD, Seller RW: Management of obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to posterior fossa tumors by steroids and subcutaneous ventricular catheter reservoir. J Neurosurg 65:649-653, 1986
  38. Schroeder HW, Niendorf WR, Gaab MR: Complications of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg 96:1032-1040, 2002
  39. Sgouros S: Management of hydrocephalus in children with posterior fossa tumor: the argument for EVD or shunt. Proceedings of the 13th European Congress of Neurosurgery, Glasgow (United Kingdom), September 2-7, 2007, Bologna, Medimond, Monduzzi Editore. 199-204, 2007
  40. Shalit MN, Ben Ari Y, Enyan N: The management of obstructive hydrocephalus by the use of external ventricular drainage. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 47:161-172, 1979
  41. Stiller CA, Nectoux J: International incidence of childhood brain and spinal tumors. Int J Epidemiol 23:458-464, 1994
  42. Tamburrini G, Di Rocco C, Caldarelli M, et al: Postoperative third ventriculostomy in children with posterior cranial fosa tumors. Childs Nerv Syst 19:691-692, 2003
  43. Walker ML: Complications of third ventriculostomy. Neurosurg Clin N Am 15:61-66, 2004
  44. Xenos C, Sgouros S, Natarajan K: Ventricular volume change in childhood. J Neurosurg 97:584-590, 2002
  45. Xenos C, Sgouros S, Natarajan K, et al: Influence of shunt type on ventricular volume changes in children with hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 98:277-283, 2003
  46. AschoffA, Kremer P, Hashemi B, et al: The scientific history of hydrocephalus and its treatment. Neurosurg Rev 22:67-93, 1999
  47. Kriss TC, Kriss VM: History of the operating microscope: from magnifying glass to microneurosurgery. Neurosurgery 42:907-908, 1998
  48. Li KW, Nelson C, Suk I, et al: Neuroendoscopy: past, present, and future. Neurosurg Focus 19: E1-5, 2005