References for Arachnoid Cysts of the Head and Spine in Children

  1. Al-Holou WN, Yew AY, Boomsaad ZE, et al: Prevalence and natural history of arachnoid cysts in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr 5:578-585, 2010
  2. Albuquerque FC, Giannotta SL: Arachnoid cyst rupture producing subdural hygroma and intracranial hypertension: case reports. Neurosurgery 41:951-955; discussion 955-956, 1997
  3. Arai H, Sato K, Wachi A, et al: Arachnoid cysts of the middle cranial fossa: experience with 77 patients who were treated with cystoperitoneal shunting. Neurosurgery 39:1108-1112; discussion 1112-1103, 1996
  4. Bright R: Serous cysts in the arachnoid: Reports of Medical Cases Selected With a View of Illustrating the Symptoms and Cure of Diseases By a Reference to Morbid Anatomy, vol II: Diseases of the brain and nervous system, part I. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, 1831, pp 437-439
  5. Ciricillo SF, Cogen PH, Harsh GR, et al: Intracranial arachnoid cysts in children. A comparison of the effects of fenestration and shunting. J Neurosurg 74:230-235, 1991
  6. Fewel ME, Levy ML, McComb JG: Surgical treatment of 95 children with 102 intracranial arachnoid cysts. Pediatr Neurosurg 25:165-173, 1996
  7. Galassi E, Gaist G, Giuliani G, et al: Arachnoid cysts of the middle cranial fossa: experience with 77 cases treated surgically. Acta Neurochir Suppl (Wien) 42:201-204, 1988
  8. Gangemi M, Seneca V, Colella G, et al: Endoscopy versus microsurgical cyst excision and shunting for treating intracranial arachnoid cysts. J Neurosurg Pediatr 8:158-164, 2011
  9. Gosalakkal JA: Intracranial arachnoid cysts in children: a review of pathogenesis, clinical features, and management. Pediatr Neurol 26:93-98, 2002
  10. Harsh GR, Edwards MS, Wilson CB: Intracranial arachnoid cysts in children. J Neurosurg 64:835-842, 1986
  11. Helland CA, Wester K: Monozygotic twins with mirror image cysts: indication of a genetic mechanism in arachnoid cysts? Neurology 69:110-111, 2007
  12. Levy ML, Meltzer HS, Hughes S, et al: Hydrocephalus in children with middle fossa arachnoid cysts. J Neurosurg 101:25-31, 2004
  13. Liu JK, Cole CD, Sherr GT, et al: Noncommunicating spinal extradural arachnoid cyst causing spinal cord compression in a child. J Neurosurg 103:266-269, 2005
  14. Lütcherath V, Waaler PE, Jellum E, et al: Children with bilateral temporal arachnoid cysts may have glutaric aciduria type 1 (GAT1); operation without knowing that may be harmful. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 142:1025-1030, 2000
  15. Oberbauer RW, Haase J, Pucher R: Arachnoid cysts in children: a European co-operative study. Childs Nerv Syst 8:281-286, 1992
  16. Parsch CS, Krauss J, Hofmann E, et al: Arachnoid cysts associated with subdural hematomas and hygromas: analysis of 16 cases, long-term follow-up, and review of the literature. Neurosurgery 40:483-490, 1997
  17. Raffel C, McComb JG: To shunt or to fenestrate: which is the best surgical treatment for arachnoid cysts in pediatric patients? Neurosurgery 23:338-342, 1988
  18. Sandberg DI, McComb JG, Krieger MD: Chemical analysis of fluid obtained from intracranial arachnoid cysts in pediatric patients. J Neurosurg 103:427-432, 2005
  19. Sato H, Sato N, Katayama S, et al: Effective shunt-independent treatment for primary middle fossa arachnoid cyst. Childs Nerv Syst 7:375-381, 1991
  20. Starkman SP, Brown TC, Linell EA: Cerebral arachnoid cysts. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 17:484-500, 1958
  21. Stein SC: Intracranial developmental cysts in children: treatment by cystoperitoneal shunting. Neurosurgery 8:647-650, 1981
  22. Yabuki S, Kikuchi S: Multiple extradural arachnoid cysts: report of two operated cousin cases. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:E585-588, 2007
  23. Yabuki S, Kikuchi S, Ikegawa S: Spinal extradural arachnoid cysts associated with distichiasis and lymphedema. Am J Med Genet A 143A:884-887, 2007
  24. Zada G, Krieger MD, McNatt SA, et al: Pathogenesis and treatment of intracranial arachnoid cysts in pediatric patients younger than 2 years of age. Neurosurg Focus 22:E1, 2007
  25. Westermaier T, Schweitzer T, Ernestus R-I: Arachnoid cysts. Neurodegenerative Diseases 3:37-50, 2012