References for Aqueductal Stenosis in Children

  1. Barrer SJ, Schut L, Bruce DA: Global rostral midbrain dysfunction secondary to shunt malfunction and hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery 7: 322-325, 1980
  2. Bateman G: Magnetic resonance imaging quantification of compliance and collateral flow in late-onset idiopathic aqueductal stenosis: venous pathophysiology revisited. J Neurosurg107: 951–58, 2007
  3. Beems T, Grotenhuis A: Is the success rate of third ventriculostomy age dependent? An analysis of the results of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in young children. Childs Nerv Syst 18: 605–608, 2002
  4. Berger L, Gauthier S, Leblanc R: Akinetic mutism and parkinsonism associated with obstructive hydrocephalus. Can J Neurol Sci 12: 255-258, 1958
  5. Bickers DS, Adams RD: Hereditary stenosis of aqueduct of Sylvius as a cause of congenital hydrocephalus. Brain 72: 246-262, 1949
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  16. Cinalli G, Cappabianca P, De Falco R, et al: Current state and future development of intracranial neuroendoscopic surgery. Expert Rev Med Devices 2: 351-373, 2005
  17. Cinalli G, Sainte-Rose C, Chumas P, et al: Failure of third ventriculostomy in the treatment of aqueductal stenosis in children. J Neurosurg 90: 448–454, 1999
  18. Cinalli G, Sainte-Rose C, Simon I ,et al: Sylvian aqueduct syndrome and global rostral midbrain dysfunction associated to shunt malfunction. J Neurosurg 90: 227-236, 1999
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  22. Cinalli G, Spennato P, Del Basso De Caro ML, et al: Hydrocephalus and Dandy Walker malformation, in Cinalli C, Maixner WJ, Sainte-Rose C (eds): Pediatric Hydrocephalus. Milan: Springer-Verlag, 2004, pp 259-277
  23. Cinalli G, Spennato P, Ruggiero C, et al: Aqueductal stenosis 9 years after mumps meningo-encephalitis. Treatment by endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Childs Nerv Syst: 20: 61-64, 2004
  24. Citrin CM, Sherman JL, Gangarosa RE, et al: Physiology of the CSF flow-void sign: modification by cardiac gating. AJNR 7: 1021-1024, 1984
  25. Conner ES, Foley L, Black PM: Experimental normal-pressure hydrocephalus is accompanied by increased transmantle pressure. J Neurosurg 61: 322-327, 1984
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  28. de Ribaupierre S, Rilliet B, Vernet O, et al: Third ventriculostomy vs ventriculoperitoneal shunt in pediatric obstructive hydrocephalus: results from a Swiss series and literature review. Childs Nerv Syst 23: 527–533, 2007
  29. Di Rocco C, Cinalli G, Massimi L, et al: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in the treatment of hydrocephalus in pediatric patients. Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg 31:119-219, 2006
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  33. Edwards JH: The syndrome of sex-linked hydrocephalus. Arch Dis Child 36: 486-493, 1961
  34. Emery JL, Staschak MC: The size and form of cerebral aqueduct in children. Brain 95: 591-598, 1972
  35. Faggin R, Bernardo A, Stieg P, et al: Hydrocephalus in infants less than six months of age: effectiveness of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Eur J Pediatr Surg 19: 216– 219, 2009
  36. Fritsch MJ, Kienke S, Manwaring KH, et al: Endoscopic aqueductoplasty and interventriculostomy for the treatment of isolated fourth ventricle in children. Neurosurgery 55: 372–379, 2004
  37. Fukuhara T, Luciano M: Clinical features of late-onset idiopathic aqueductal stenosis. Surg Neurol 55: 132-137, 2001
  38. Fukuhara T, Vorster SJ, Luciano MG: Risk factors for failure of endoscopic third ventriculostomy for obstructive hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery 46: 1100-1111, 2000
  39. Gatto M, Micheli F, Pardal MF: Blepharoclonus and parkinsonism associated with aqueductal stenosis. Mov Disord 5: 310-313, 1990
  40. Goumnerova LC, Frim D: Treatment of hydrocephalus with third ventriculostomy: outcome and CSF flow patterns. Pediatr Neurosurg 27: 149–152, 1997
  41. Greitz D: Radiological assessment of hydrocephalus: new theories and implications for therapy. Neurosurg Rev 27: 145-165, 2004
  42. Hanigan WC, Morgan A, Shaaban A, et al: Surgical treatment and neurodevelopment outcome for infants with idiopathic aqueductal stenosis. Childs Nerv Syst 7: 386-390, 1991
  43. Harrison MJG, Robert CM, Uttley D: Benign aqueductal stenosis in adults. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 37: 1322-1328, 1974
  44. Hellwig D, Grotenhuis JA, Tirakotai W, et al: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy for obstructive hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Rev 28: 1–34, 2005
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  46. Hirsch JF: Percutaneous ventriculocisternostomies in non-communicating hydrocephalus. Monogr Neural Sci 8: 170-178, 1982
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  48. Hopf NJ, Grunert P, Fries G, et al: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy: outcome analysis of 100 consecutive procedures. Neurosurgery 44: 795–804, 1999
  49. Jacobson EE, Fletcher DF, Morgan MK, et al: Computer modelling of the CSF flow dynamics of aqueductal stenosis. Med Biol Eng Comput 37: 59-63, 1999
  50. Jacobson EE, Fletcher DF, Morgan MK, et al: Fluid dynamics of the cerebral aqueduct. Pediatr Neurosurg 24: 229-236, 1996
  51. Jellinger G: Anatomopathology of nontumoral aqueductal stenosis. J Neurosurg Sci 30: 1-16, 1986
  52. Johnson RT, Johnson KP, Edmonds CJ: Virus-induced hydrocephalus: development of aqueductal stenosis in hamsters after mumps infection. Science 157: 1066-1067, 1967
  53. Johnson RT, Yates PO: Clinico-pathological aspects of pressure changes at tentorium. Acta Radiol 46: 242-249, 1956
  54. Johnston IH, Kowman-Giles R, Whittle IR: The arrest of treated hydrocephalus in children. A radionuclide study. J Neurosurg 61: 752-756, 1984
  55. Jones RF, Kwok BC, Stening WA, et al: Third ventriculostomy in patients with spinal dysraphism. Indications and contraindications. Eur J Pediatr Surg, 6(suppl): 5-6, 1996
  56. Jones RFC, Stening WA, Brydon M: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Neurosurgery 26: 86-92, 1990
  57. Kaiser G: Hydrocephalus following toxoplasmosis. Z Kinderchir 40 Suppl 1: 10-11, 1985
  58. Kaufmann GE, Clark K: Continuous simultaneous monitoring of intraventricular and cervical subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid pressure to indicate development of cerebral or tonsillar herniation. J Neurosurg 33: 135-140, 1970
  59. Kemp SS, Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT, et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of the cerebral aqueduct. Neuroradiology 29: 430-436, 1987
  60. Kim S-K, Wang K-C, Cho B-K: Surgical outcome of pediatric hydrocephalus treated by endoscopic III ventriculostomy: prognostic factors and interpretation of postoperative neuroimaging. Childs Nerv Syst 16: 161-169, 2000
  61. Kulkarni AV, Drake JM, Kestle JR, et al: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy vs. cerebrospinal fluid shunt in the treatment of hydrocephalus in children: a propensity score-adjusted analysis. Neurosurgery 67: 588-593, 2010
  62. Kulkarni AV, Hui S, Shams I, et al: Quality of life in obstructive hydrocephalus: endoscopic third ventriculostomy compared to cerebrospinal fluid shunt. Childs Nerv Syst 26:75–79, 2010
  63. Laitt RD, Mallucci CL, Jaspan T, et al: Constructive interference in steady state 3D Fourier transform MRI in the management of hydrocephalus and third ventriculostomy. Neuroradiology 41: 324-327, 1999
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  65. Lapras C, Bret P, Patet JD, et al: Hydrocephalus and aqueductal stenosis. Direct surgical treatment by interventriculostomy (aqueduct cannulation). J Neurosurg Sci 30: 47-53, 1986
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  67. Lee BCP: Magnetic resonance imaging of peri-aqueductal lesions. Clin Radiol 38: 527-533, 1987
  68. Levitsky DB, Mack LA, Nyberg DA, et al: Fetal aqueductal stenosis diagnosed sonographically: how grave is the prognosis? AJR Am J Roentgenol 164: 725-30, 1995
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  78. O’Brien DF, Javadpour M, Collins DR, et al: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy: an outcome analysis of primary cases and procedures performed after ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction. J Neurosurg (5 Suppl Pediatrics) 103: 393–400, 2005
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