References for Spina Bifida Occulta and Tethered Cord Syndrome in Children

  1. Cohen AR, Robinson S: Myelomeningocele and Myelocytocele in Yeomans (ed), Neurological Surgery Philadelphia PA, 2012 pp 2507-2012.
  2. Garceau GJ: The Filum Terminal Syndrome (the cord traction syndrome), J Bone and Joint Surgery Am, 711-716, 1953.
  3. Hoffman HJ, Hendrick EB, Humphreys RP: The Tethered Spinal Cord: its Protean Manifestations, Diagnosis and Surgical Corrections. Childs Brain 2:145-155, 1976.
  4. von Recklinghausen F : Untersuchungen uber die Spina Bifida. Arch Pathol Ana 105: 243-330, 373-255, 1886.
  5. Yamada S, Zinke DE, Sanders D: Pathophysiology of “tethered cord syndrome”. J Neurosurg 54: 494-503, 1981
  6. Lichtenstein BW. “Spinal dysraphism: ” Spina bifida and myelodysplasia. Arch Neurol Pyschiat 44: 792-810, 1940
  7. McClone DG, Herman Jm, Gabrieli AP, Dias L: Tethered Cord as a Cause of Scoliosis in Children with a Meningocele. Ped Neurosurg 16:8-13, 1990/1991.
  8. Eubanks JD, Cheruvu, VK: Prevelance of sacral spina bifida occulta and its relationship to age, sex, race, and the sacral table angle: An Anatomic osteologic study of three thousand one hundred specimens. Spine 15:1539-1543, 2009.
  9. Conley A, Tye GW, Ward JD, Myseros JS: Occult Spinal Dysraphism and the Tethered spinal Cord in Benzel EC (ed): Spine Surgery: Techniques, complications avoidance, and management , third edition. Philadelphia PA, 2012 pp 1141-1154
  10. Guerra LA, Pike J, Milks J et al: Outcome in patients who underwent tethered cord release for occult spinal dysraphsim. The Journal of Urology. 176:1729-1732, 2006
  11. Tredway TL, Musleh W, Christie SD, Khavkin Y, Fessler RG, Curry DJ. A novel minimally invasive technique for spinal cord untethering. Neurosurgery. 60; 2007
  12. Bassett RC. The neurologic deficit associated with lipomas of the cauda equine. Ann Surg 1950; 131: 109–16.
  13. Schmidt DM, Robinson B, Jones DA. The tethered spinal cord. Etiology and clinical manifestations. Orthop Rev 1990; 19: 870–6