References for Dermal Sinus Tracts in Children

  1. Ackerman LL, Menezes AH, Follett KA: Cervical and thoracic dermal sinus tracts. A case series and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg 37:137–147, 2002
  2. Ackerman LL, Menezes AH: Spinal congenital dermal sinuses: a 30-year experience. Pediatrics 112:641–647, 2003
  3. Ansari S, Andrabi Y, El Khashab M, Bateni F, et al:  Triple lumbar dermal sinuses: unusual presentation of a typically solitary midline lesion. Pediatr Neurosurg 45: 305-307, 2009
  4. Carrillo R, Carreira, LM, Prada JJ, et al: Lateral congenital spinal dermal sinus. A new clinical entity. Childs Nerv Syst 1:238-240, 1985
  5. El Khashab M, Nejat F, Ertiaei A: Double dermal sinuses: a case study. J Med Case Reports. 26; 2:281, 2008
  6. Emami-Naeini P, Mahdavi A, Ahmadi H, et al: Brain abscess as a manifestation of spinal dermal sinus. Ther Clin Risk Manag 4:1143-1147, 2008
  7. Fallah A, Raut A, Rebello R, et al: Congenital dermal sinus and cyst in adulthood. Can J Neurol Sci 36: 114-116, 2009
  8. Hung PC, Wang HS, Wu CT, et al: Spinal intramedullary abscess with an epidermoid secondary to a dermal sinus. Pediatr Neurol 37: 144- 147, 2007
  9. Jindal A, Mahapatra AK: Spinal congenital dermal sinus: an experience of 23 cases over 7 years. Neurol India 49:243–246, 2001
  10. Kalkan E, Karabagli P, Karabagli H, et al: Congenital cranial and spinal dermal sinuses: a report of 3 cases. Adv Ther 23:543-548, 2006
  11. Kanev PM, Park TS: Dermoid and dermal sinus tracts of the spine. Neurosurg Clin N Am 6: 359- 366, 1995
  12. Kaufman BA: Neural tube defects. Pediatr Clin North Am 51:389–419, 2004
  13. Martínez-Lage JF, Pérez-Espejo MA, Tortosa JG, et al: Hydrocephalus in intraspinal dermoids and dermal sinuses: the spectrum of an uncommon association in children. Childs Nerv Syst 22:698-703, 2006
  14. Park SW, Yoon SH, Cho KH, et al: Infantile lumbosacral spinal subdural abscess with sacral dermal sinus tract. Spine 1; 32(1):E52-5, 2007
  15. Powell KR, Cherry JD, Hougen TJ, et al: A prospective search for congenital dermal abnormalities of the craniospinal axis. J Pediatr 87; 744-750
  16. Radmanesh F, Nejat F, El Khashab M: Dermal sinus tract of the spine. Childs Nerv Syst 26:349-357, 2010
  17. Ramnarayan R, Dominic A, Alapatt J, et al: Congenital spinal dermal sinuses: poor awareness leads to delayed treatment. Childs Nerv Syst 22:1220-1224, 2006
  18. Smith KA, Rekate HL: Delayed postoperative tethering of the cervical spinal cord. J Neurosurg 81: 196–201, 1994
  19. Tubbs RS, Frykman PK, Harmon CM, et al: An unusual sequela of an infected persistent dermal sinus tract. Childs Nerv Syst 23:569-571, 2007
  20. Tufan K, Cekinmez M, Sener L, et al: Infected lumbar dermoid cyst presenting with tetraparesis secondary to holocord central lesion. J Child Neurol 23: 934-937, 2008
  21. Unsinn KM, Geley T, Freund MC, et al: US of the spinal cord in newborns: spectrum of normal findings, variants, congenital anomalies, and acquired diseases. Radiographics 20: 923–938, 2000
  22. van Aalst J, Beuls EA, Cornips EM, et al: The spinal dermal sinus like stalk. Childs Nerv Syst 25:191-197, 2009
  23. van Aalst J, Beuls EA, Cornips EM, et al: Anatomy and surgery of the infected dermal sinus of the lower spine. Childs Nerv Syst. 22: 1307-1315, 2006
  24. Critchley M, Ferguson FR: The cerebrospinal epidermoids (cholesteatomata). Brain 51: 334-384, 1928
  25. Verébély TV: Ein fall von intravertebralen dermoidzyste. Virchow’s Arch Pathol Anat Physiol 213: 541-544, 1913
  26. Walker AE, Bucy PC: Congenital dermal sinuses: a source of spinal meningeal infection and subdural abscesses. Brain 57:401–421, 1934