References for Cervical Encephaloceles in Children

  1. Jimenez DF, Barone CM: Encephaloceles, meningoceles, and dermal sinuses, in Albright AL, Pollack IF, Adelson PD (eds): Principles and Practice of Pediatric Neurosurgery, ed 2. New York: Thieme, 2008, pp 233-253
  2. Chiari H: Ueber Veranderungen des Kleinhirns infolge von Hydrocephalie des Grosshirns. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 17:1172-1175, 1891
  3. Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA: Hans Chiari (1851-1916). J Neurol 257:1218-1220, 2010
  4. Wiswell TE, Tuttle DJ, Northam RS, et al: Major congenital neurologic malformations. A 17-year survey. Am J Dis Child 144:61-67, 1990
  5. Myrianthopoulos NC, Melnick M: Studies in neural tube defects I. Epidemiologic and etiologic aspects. Am J Med Genetics 26:783-796, 1987
  6. Alexiou GA, Sfakianos G, Prodromou N: Diagnosis and management of cephaloceles. J Craniofac Surg 21:1581-1582, 2010
  7. Aribal ME, Gurcan F, Aslan B: Chiari III malformation: MRI. Neuroradiology 38:S184-S186, 1996
  8. Snyder WE, Luerssen TG, Boaz JC, et al: Chiari III malformation treated with CSF diversion and delayed surgical closure. Pediatr Neurosurg 29:117-120, 1998
  9. Cama A, Tortori-Donati P, Piatelli GL, et al: Chiari complex in children – Neuroradiological diagnosis, neurosurgical treatment and proposal of a new classification (312 cases). Eur J Pediatr Surg 5(suppl 1):35-38, 1995
  10. Smith JL, Schoenwolf GC: Neurulation: Coming to closure. Trends Neurosci 20:510, 1997
  11. Centers for Disease Control, 2004: Spina bifida and anencephaly before and after folic acid mandate – United States, 1995-1996 and 1999-2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 53:362-365, 2004
  12. Centers for Disease Control, 2004: Use of vitamins containing folic acid among women of childbearing age-United States, 2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 53:847-50, 2004
  13. Czeizel AE, Dudas I: Prevention of the first occurrence of neural-tube defects by periconceptional vitamin supplementation. N Engl J Med 327:1832-5, 1992
  14. MRC Vitamin Study Research Group: Prevention of neural tube defects: Results of the Medical Research Council Vitamin Study. Lancet 338:131-7, 1991
  15. Rowland CA, Correa A, Cragan JD, et al: Are encephaloceles neural tube defects? Pediatrics 118:916-923, 2006
  16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Folic acid and prevention of spina bifida and anencephaly. MMWR Recomm Rep 51:1-3, 2002
  17. McDonnell RJ, Johnson Z, Delaney V, et al: East Ireland 1980-1994: epidemiology of neural tube defects. J Epidemiol Community Health 53:782-788, 1999
  18. Stevenson RE, Allen WP, Pai GS, et al.: Decline in prevalence of neural tube defects in a high-risk region of the United States. Pediatrics 106:677-683, 2000
  19. Feldkamp M, Friedrichs M, Carey JC: Decreasing prevalence of neural tube defects in Utah, 1985-2000. Teratology 66:S23-28, 2002
  20. Moron FE, Morriss MC, Jones JJ, et al: Lumps and bumps of the head in children: Use of CT and MR imaging in solving the clinical diagnostic dilemma. RadioGraphics 24:1655-1674, 2004
  21. Brownlee R, Myles ST, Hamilton MG: The Chiari III and IV malformations, in Anson JA, Benzel EC, Awad IA (eds): Syringomyelia and the Chiari Malformations: Neurosurgical Topics. Park Ridge, Ill.:American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 1997, pp 83-90
  22. Smith AB, Gupta N, Otto C, et al: Diagnosis of Chiari III malformation by second trimester fetal MRI with postnatal MRI and CT correlation. Pediatr Radiol 37:1035-1038, 2007
  23. Habibi Z, Nejat F, Tajik P, et al: Cervical myelomeningocele. Neurosurgery 58:1168-1175, 2006
  24. Drake JM, MacFarlane R: Encephalocele, in Cheek WR (ed): Atlas of Pediatric Neurosurgery. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1996, pp 21-26
  25. Andarabi Y, Nejat F, El-Khashab M: Progressive skin necrosis of a huge occipital encephalocele. Indian J Plast Surg 41:82-84, 2008